Coastal Hazards and Resilience

Coastal hazards research seeks to advance the science of coastal and marine ecosystem services by combining research expertise in environmental and resource economics, ecology, geomorphology, geomatics, and engineering in an integrative framework. This research focuses on natural infrastructure, which is defined broadly as a physical stock that constitutes restoration of natural ecosystem components. We aim to understand the nature and determinants of socially-optimal investment in natural infrastructure in coasts and estuaries through a transdisciplinary lens. Concentrating on a selection of natural infrastructure types, including estuaries and dunes, we measure the expected economic benefits of an investment to society, expected direct costs, and expected co-benefits from provision of ancillary ecosystem services. We are investigating four distinct systems on the Pacific Northwest coast that serve as applied pathways for our work. The project pathways focus on:

  • Quantifying the value of both private and public coastal protection options, the determinants of private coastal protection decisions, and simulating different future coastal management alternatives.

  • Coastal dune and beach management options optimized for ecosystem service provision.

  • Restoring coastal wetlands and the resulting implications for anadromous fish (i.e. salmon), water quality, blue carbon, and land markets in estuarine systems.

  • Allocating land use and construction of natural infrastructure to facilitate tsunami evacuation and provide other ecosystem services (i.e., recreation).

COASTAL AND MARINE NATURAL INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Multidisciplinary, Integrative Approach to Valuing Ecosystem Services from Natural Infrastructure aims to understand nature of socially-optimal investment in coastal natural infrastructure in the Pacific Northwest from an economic perspective (S. Dundas, D. Cox, S. Hacker, D. Kling, D. Lewis, C. Parrish, P. Ruggiero - OSU; F. Martinez - NCCOS)

    • Goals across four systems - Coastal Protection, Estuaries, Coastal Land Use, and Dune Habitat

      • Estimate willingness to pay for protection services related to coastal infrastructure improvement​, estimate willingness to pay for ecosystem service benefits that accrue to households, and assess how investment in natural infrastructure may be planned to maximize the value of ecosystem services to the public
         

  • Advancing the Analysis of Pacific Basin Coastal Flood
    Sensitivity under a Changing Climate advances application of statistical and other analytical 
    techniques to assess vulnerability of built and natural environments to the impacts of coastal flooding in a changing climate.
     

  • Time-varying Emulator for Short- and Long-term Analysis of Coastal Flooding (TESLA-flood) is a methodology for producing robust estimates of coastal flooding risk while accounting for dependencies of local Total Water Level components on the fundamental drivers of large-scale climate (D. Anderson, P. Ruggiero, F. Mendex, A. Rueda, J.A.A. Antolinez, L. Cagigal, C. Storlazzi, P. Barnard, and J. Marra)

Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies - Hatfield Marine Science Center
2030 SE Marine Science Drive
Newport, OR  97365

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